Category Archives: central america

Homeland Security visits Guatemala

 

 

August 23, 2019

 

Guatemala Minister of the Interior, Enrique Antonio Degenhart, and U.S. Deputy Director of Homeland Security, Kevin McAleenan visited the immigration center at La Peñita, where thousands of immigrants from Asia, Africa, and the Middle East arrive seeking asylum. Degenhart and McAleenan signed a joint memorandum to improve cooperation on preventing and combating crime and other threats to national security between Guatemala and the United States, furthermore, they confirmed that once the Congress of Guatemala approves the “third safe country” agreement, Guatemala’s immigration centers will receive Hondurans and Salvadorians refugees and asylum seekers.

Although the newly elected president, Alejandro Giammattei, has declared that the agreement needs some modifications for its approval, McAleenan assured that the current U.S. Administration is always open to dialogue.

Guatemala lacks infrastructure, resources, and staff to properly process refugees, asylum seekers and detainees at the immigration centers, it is hard to believe that the third safe country agreement would improve the conditions of the deportees.

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Guatemala’s Presidential Election 2019


Alejandro Giammattei
will lead the nation that has become the main source of migrants traveling to the border between Mexico and the United States. The representative of the Vamos party obtained 57.95% of the ballots, compared to 42.05% of his contender, the Social Democrat Torres.

The recently elected President of Guatemala will have the task of overseeing the final implementation of the agreement that labeled Guatemala as a “third safe country” by the White House.

Giammattei’s campaign promises

Migrant Children & Parents to remain in detention facilities for more than 20 days​

Yesterday, President Trump announced big changes regarding immigration processes that according to him will “lead to more humane conditions” for asylum-seeking families and children. But would be? Fact is, taking away the 20 days time limit restriction will do more harm than good because it will undermine access to legal counsel due to the isolation or transfer to other facilities, violate due process rights, jeopardize basic health, the overall safety of detainees, and traumatize children.

Image result for sonia nazario books It is not about cutting off “pull factors for illegal immigration” as Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen states, it is about tackling push factors, is about improving the livelihood of women and children in Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala guaranteeing the rule of law, consolidating gender equality in communities, and creating effective non-violent mechanisms to resolve conflicts, transforming root causes for those who are fleeing violence and being pushed out of their homes, not about creating deterrents that will make the journey a more dangerous one.

What is the Flores Settlement?

The Flores Settlement Agreement (1997) compels the U.S. government to transfer minors from border jails into state-licensed facilities as expeditiously as possible; in 2015 court ruled that officials could not hold children in unlicensed facilities for more than 20 days, the time the government said it needed to process their cases.

The argument the Trump administration makes is that the current immigration system, specifically the Flores settlement, helps fuel human trafficking coming across the southern border.

“The driving factor for this crisis is weakness in our legal framework for immigration. Human smugglers advertise, and intending migrants know well that even if they cross the border illegally, arriving at our border with a child has meant that they will be released into the United States to wait for court proceedings that could take five years or more.” – Kevin McAleenan

Mr. McAleenan is right and wrong at the same time, he has a real point the U.S. immigration system doesn’t respond to the needs and problems of modern times; with its static quotas, bans to specific nationalities, strict requirements for current residents, and the burden for immigrants to find a sponsor; the current immigration policies enable trafficking, and until is fixed we will continue to see it. However, he is wrong regarding the use of children as pawns for illegal crossing, since there is no such evidence for that claim, the children at the immigration detention centers either came unaccompanied or with a family member.

Fact is, asylum seekers are fleeing their home countries in Central America because of sexual assault, domestic violence, gang-related violence, and extreme poverty, they need legal counsel, due processes, safety, and be treated with dignity, not criminalized.

More on this topic

Reactions

“Indefinite detention of children is something that we saw in the apartheid South Africa. It’s something that we saw in Nazi Germany. It’s not something that we would ever expect to see in 21st century America.” – Warren Binford

“For the government to be attempting to strip children and families of these protections leaves the door wide open for abuses and poor treatment during the pendency of their case.” -Wendy Young. President of KIND

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“The detention of children can lead to trauma, suicidal feelings, and exposure to dangerously inadequate medical care.” Clara Long, Acting Deputy Washington Director at Human Rights Watch.

“There is no way we can trust that the same administration that let six children die under its watch, and argued that kids don’t need basic necessities like soap and toothbrushes, is capable of regulating itself.” -Jess Morales Rocketto, chair of Families Belong Together

Recommended reading

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The story of a boy’s dangerous trip from Honduras to the United States.

Heartbreaking and eye-opening.

Central America

Central America is the hub for U.S. trade ships and foreign trade through the Panama Canal, and gas lines across Caribbean waters, but is also home to left-wing guerrillas, juvenile gangs, crime syndicates, drug traffickers and smugglers.

With weak and non-democratic governments the region has the highest rates of poverty, child malnutrition, and poor infrastructure, and since 2014 women and children are fleeing their homes by the hundreds of thousands because of poverty, political aggression, gang-related violence and seeking entry into the U.S. via the southern border stressing and dividing communities.

Central America is part of the U.S. sphere of influence, sadly democracy hasn’t been achieved, development is a sketch and peace is still a dream yet to come especially for countries in the northern triangle –Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador- were violence and political instability push women and children to flee seeking asylum in the U.S. thus creating a political problem for local authorities and an international crisis.

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