What is Human Trafficking?
“Trafficking in Persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs” Article 3 parr (a) of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons.
Human trafficking includes sex trafficking exploitative work, including domestic workers agricultural, child soldiers, child adoptions, organ trafficking.
Why does Human Trafficking happen?
There are different factors that push trafficking nowadays
- Global Economic
International Law on Human Trafficking.
- 1926 Slavery Convention addresses the slave trade and slavery, delivers common accepted definitions and stresses responsibilities on countries to prevent slavery.
- UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, also known as the Palermo Protocol.
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) is the cornerstone of U.S. efforts to combat human trafficking, it provides protection to victims of trafficking and established the T visa that allows temporary U.S. residency and a path to U.S. citizenship. It expands the crimes and penalties available to federal agents pursuing traffickers, and enhances U.S. international efforts to prevent trafficking. The TVPA mandated the creation of the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking within the State Department.
Reports On Trafficking and Servitude
The ILO et al, 2017 Global Estimates of Modern Slavery
The U.S. State Department, Trafficking in Persons Report: 2017
The ILO. Profits and Poverty: The Economics of Forced Labor