U.S. Anti Human Trafficking Efforts
2000 The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) Establishes human trafficking and related offenses as federal crimes and attaches severe penalties to them. To prevent trafficking it established the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, which is required to publish a Trafficking In Persons (TIP) report each year. The act also established the Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking, which assists in the implementation of the TVPA. The TVPA protects victims and survivors of human trafficking by establishing the T visa, which allows victims of human trafficking, and their families to become temporary U.S. residents and eligible to become permanent residents after three years.
2005 The Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 (TVPRA of 2005) includes a pilot program for sheltering minors who are survivors of human trafficking, and grant programs to assist state and local law enforcement combat trafficking.
2003 The Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools to End the Exploitation of Children Today (PROTECT) establishes penalties for individuals engaging in sex tourism with children, both within the United States and in other countries.
2003 The Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003 (TVPRA of 2003) Includes additional provisions for the protection of victims and their families from deportation.
1910 The Mann Act, (18 U.S.C. § 2421-2424) (amended in 1977, 1978 and 1986) Amends the Mann Acts, which prohibit transportation of females for immoral purposes, extends coverage to the transportation of minors, and the coercion of adults to travel across state lines or to foreign countries, for the purposes of engaging commercial sex.
National Human Trafficking Hotline. Twenty-nine states have the hotline telephone and web service where members of the public can call to report suspected cases of trafficking, survivors can call for help, or interested persons can contact for trafficking information.
California lawmakers enacted the Transparency in Supply Chains Act in 2010, requiring retail and manufacturing businesses operating in California to publically disclose their efforts to eradicate human trafficking from their supply chains. California’s government also requires its state agencies to have sweat-free procurement policies. Specifically, the law mandates all contractors who contract with state agencies for the procurement, or laundering, of apparel to certify that no work was provided through the use of forced labor or exploitation.
Texas enacted the Human Trafficking Prevention Business Partnership in 2015, companies that voluntarily join the partnership must adopt a zero tolerance policy on trafficking, ensure employees comply with that policy, participate in public awareness campaigns, and develop best practices for combatting trafficking.
Legislatively Created Statewide Task Forces Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Kentucky, Maryland, Minnesota, Missouri, and Rhode Island task force apply to sex trafficking only; Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Lousiana, Michigan, Mississipi, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Washington encompass both labor and sex trafficking.
The Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act of 2014 placed requirements upon states to address child sex trafficking among the children under the child welfare agency’s care and supervision.