Modern slavery is “a set of specific legal concepts including forced labor, debt bondage, forced marriage, slavery, and slavery-like practices, and human trafficking,” -ILO
The ILO report subdivides forced labor into three categories:
- labor exploitation in the private economy (includes bonded labor, domestic work, and slave-like practices)
- Sexual exploitation
- Slave-like practices or state-imposed. (consists of exploiting individuals in jail systems, re-education camps, state-run facilities for the purpose of profit and/or economic development)
Forced marriage is any situation where the person no matter the age is married without their free consent. Consent means that the given full, free, and informed agreement to marry the intended spouse and to the timing of the marriage. A forced marriage may occur when family members or others use physical or emotional abuse, threats, or deception to force you to marry without your consent.
The ILO estimates approximately 15 million persons in forced marriages, the number is much more but because data is extremely hard to collect due to the isolation of the victims, the ILO needs to use mix methods and sample populations for a conclusive report.
Victims of forced marriage may be girls, boys, women or men. Forced marriage can impact individuals of any race, ethnicity, religion, gender, age, or national origin, and it impacts individuals from all economic and educational backgrounds.